Chapter 2: Color Fundamentals

1. Hue- The result of of how we perceive light being reflected from objects at particular frequencies.


2. Hue Relationships- Designers can create interaction between different hues, independent of their saturation or value, according to the where they lie on the color wheel.


3. Saturation- Describes the intensity and brilliance of colors, dull colors are said to be desaturated.  


4. Saturation Relationships- Saturation relationships may occur independently of hue relationships, but will usually have an effect on value or temperature. Grouping complementary hues, or split complements, all with similar values but different saturation , will create a rich color experience.


5. Value- Describes the colors intrinsic darkness and lightness ratio value.Lightening the value of an intensely saturated hue tends to desaturate it. Darkening the value of a moderately to intensely saturated hue will initially intensify its saturation, but if too much, hue will become less vibrant.


6. Value Relationships- A designer can create contrast and rhythm among darker and lighter areas- even if the number of hues used, or how different they are, is limited.


7. Temperature- A colors subjective quality that is related to experiences. Cool colors reminds us of cold objects and environments, while warm colors reminds of us of heat.


8. Color Relationships- A color model helps a designer see these relationships for planning color ideas, work in much the same way with mixed pigments.


9. Temperature Relationships- Designers can establish relationships within color palette based on relative temperature. Grouping colors with similar temperatures with one or two variation generates enormous possibilities for color combination.


10. Color: Form and Space- Applying color to a composition will have an immediate effect on hierarchy, the relative order of importance of forms in space.Color distinctions enhance the perception of spatial depth and force separation between the hierarchic levels.

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